Genital herpes in women

Genital herpes in women and men is most often the result of infection with the human herpesvirus (HHV) type 2, although in some cases it is a type 1 HHV disease. It is only possible to determine which type of virus the disease caused by laboratory methods, but this does not have much significance for the choice of treatment methods. There are various medicines for the treatment of genital herpes. Genital herpes affects the skin and mucous membranes of the anogenital area. In most cases, this disease affects only the outer parts of the genital organs, but in some cases it is able to penetrate inside, localizing in the uterus, ovaries and other internal parts of the female reproductive system. Depending on the localization of genital herpes in women, affecting the vagina or cervix, it carries the names of vaginal or cervical. The most severe variant of genital herpes is the defeat of the virus by the appendages of the uterus and her body.

How does genital herpes look and what are the ways of infection?

Genital herpes causes not only physical discomfort, but also looks very unaesthetic. Infection with genital herpes occurs, mainly, during sexual intercourse. And to his appearance can lead and oral sex, and anal. In the latter case, painful eruptions will be observed near the anus. The most contagious is the patient during the recurrence of genital herpes. But the HHV can also be present in the body in an asymptomatic state, with the virus becoming isolated.

The incubation period of genital herpes in women can be from several weeks - up to several years. It should be understood that microcracks on the mucosa can become "gates" through which the infection can also penetrate the body. In fairly rare cases, it can be infected with the use of personal hygiene items of the patient with genital herpes of a person.

Who is risking more?

The catalyst for the manifestation of the virus becomes a decrease in immunity against the background of diseases, stress, acclimatization, pregnancy. Also at risk are those who practice unprotected sex with unfamiliar partners and undergo hypothermia. In addition, many doctors note that the occurrence of herpes can affect abortion, the establishment of an intrauterine device and chronic infectious diseases of the reproductive system.

How to reduce the risk?

To protect yourself from this insidious virus, a woman should:

  • not allow abortions;
  • have sexual relations only with a permanent partner who does not have this disease;
  • do not install the intrauterine device;
  • take care of one's health and maintain a high level of immunity;
  • use condoms;
  • if you suspect a virus in the body, take tests for ELISA or PCR.

Genital herpes in women: symptoms

The most characteristic symptoms of genital herpes in women are severe itching, redness and pain, as well as the formation of vesicles with clear contents on the surface of the mucous membranes and skin. These symptoms can also be joined by the following signs: an increase in lymph nodes in the groin area, muscle and headaches, fever.

However, the symptomatology of herpes in all the fair sex can vary. Some, for example, at the same time complain of the occurrence of such a concomitant genital herpes disease, as herpetic cystitis. Women at the same time note that they often began to go to the toilet, and at the same time experience pain. The most acute is the primary manifestation of the virus. It is often accompanied by a general deterioration in health, increased discomfort and a prolonged course of relapse.

Manifest (apparent) stage of the disease lasts from 5 to 10 days. Relapses of the disease occur from once every few years - up to monthly exacerbations. If genital herpes appears several times a month, and rashes are not amenable to treatment - it's an occasion to call a doctor immediately. Similar symptoms may indicate the presence of severe immunodeficiency (eg, HIV infection).

Treatment of genital herpes

Whatever treatment for herpes is used, you need to understand that it will not be able to permanently rid the virus. After all, the virus that once penetrated the body, "settles" in the nerve cells and remains there forever. Therefore, the treatment of genital herpes in women is aimed at reducing symptoms, to bring relief and do everything possible to reduce the frequency of relapses. It is important to take into account: the sooner a sick woman applies for qualified medical care, the more successfully and quickly the treatment will be carried out. The most effective results are observed in those patients who started treatment on the first day after manifestation of genital herpes.

Treatment of genital herpes in women often involves the use of drugs such as acyclovir and its derivatives, ribavirin. The use of tablets and ointments based on these active ingredients can prevent the spread of the virus and get rid of most of the symptoms. Also, soft analgesics and agents can be used to help reduce burning and other unpleasant symptoms.

Ointment for topical application is applied to cleaned and dried affected areas 3-5 times a day. The antiviral drug regimen is prescribed by a doctor. If the lesion affected the anal or genital mucosa, candles with an antiviral drug are prescribed.

The course of treatment takes 5-7 days. At the initial manifestation - 10 days. If a woman has frequent relapses, then it makes sense to prescribe preventive treatment. Taking drugs for preventive purposes within two to three months can reduce the risk of relapse by 30 percent. To avoid subsequent frequent relapses of the disease, it is necessary to help the body form the right immune response. To do this, vaccines are used that stimulate the production of natural interferons.

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